The City of Alexandria

The ancient city of Alexandria did not disappoint its visitors. Renowned for its beauty, wondrous architecture, and education, it is often surpassed by Athens and Rome in today’s classical studies. But its importance in the ancient world should not be overlooked. It remained a center for knowledge long after Cleopatra’s death and its many marvels continue to astound historians today… Continue Reading


Cleopatra’s Immediate Family

The Ptolemaic dynasty made use of only four names. All of the men were named Ptolemy while the women were either Arsinoe, Berenice, or Cleopatra. For the purposes of studying Cleopatra VII, the family tree above has been narrowed down to the last six generations. The Ptolemies were almost exclusively incestuous. The royal family became notorious for… Continue Reading