FAQ

Timeline

Significant dates associated with Queen Cleopatra VII.

Due to the fragmentation of ancient sources, many events listed here cannot be narrowed down to a month, day, or even year. Dates are as specific as possible. To learn about the bullets below, please visit the Biography and Articles pages.

  • 332 BCE
      • Alexander the Great conquers Egypt
  • 331 BCE
      • The city of Alexandria is founded
  • 323 BCE
      • Alexander the Great dies in Babylon
      • Ptolemy I becomes governor of Egypt
  • 100 BCE
      • July – Julius Caesar is born
  • 83 BCE
      • January 14 – Marc Antony is born
  • 80 BCE
      • Ptolemy XII (Cleopatra‘s father) becomes King of Egypt
  • 69 BCE
      • c. January – Cleopatra VII is born
  • c. 69 BCE
      • Cleopatra V (Cleopatra’s mother) dies
  • c. 65 BCE
      • Arsinoe IV is born
  • c. 62 BCE
      • Ptolemy XIII is born
  • c. 59 BCE
      • Ptolemy XIV is born
  • 58 BCE
      • Ptolemy XII flees to Rome
      • Cleopatra VI and Berenice IV (Cleopatra’s older sisters) take control of Egypt
  • 57 BCE
      • Cleopatra VI dies
  • 55 BCE
      • Ptolemy XII returns to Egypt with the aid of the Roman Army
      • Berenice IV is executed
  • 51 BCE
      • c. March – Ptolemy XII dies
      • Cleopatra becomes Queen of Egypt at the age of 18
      • Ptolemy XIII (Cleopatra’s younger brother) is appointed joint-monarch at age 10
      • c. August – Cleopatra drops Ptolemy XIII’s name from government documents
      • Coins are minted portraying Cleopatra without her brother
  • 50 BCE
      • Cleopatra travels to Hermonthis for the Apis Bull ceremony
      • Cleopatra is involved in the Gibiniani conflict
  • 48 BCE
      • Spring – Cleopatra is deposed by Ptolemy XIII and his ministers; she flees to Syria
      • September 28 – Pompey comes to Alexandria. He is executed
      • September 30 – Caesar comes to Alexandria and takes control of the city
      • c. Early October – Cleopatra is smuggled into the palace. She and Caesar become lovers
      • Winter – Ptolemy XIII and Arsinoe IV (Cleopatra’s younger sister) declare war against Caesar and Cleopatra
  • 47 BCE
      • February – Caesar defeats Ptolemy and Arsinoe in the Battle of the Nile. Ptolemy dies, Arsinoe is captured
      • February – Cleopatra is restored as Queen of Egypt. Her remaining brother, Ptolemy XIV, is declared co-regent at age 12
      • March – Caesar and Cleopatra take a cruise down the Nile with a fleet of 400 ships
      • April – Caesar leaves Egypt to continue the Roman civil wars
      • June 23 – Cleopatra gives birth to Ptolemy XV Caesar (nicknamed Caesarion)
  • 46 BCE
      • Summer – Cleopatra, Caesarion, and Ptolemy XIV come to Rome
      • Summer – Arsinoe IV is marched in Caesar’s triumph. She is then exiled to Ephesus
  • 44 BCE
      • March 15 – Julius Caesar is assasinated
      • Summer – Ptolemy XIV dies. Caesarion is appointed co-regent at age 3
      • Summer – Rome splits into 2 factions and a new civil war erupts
  • 43 BCE
      • November 26 – Marc Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus form the Second Triumvirate
      • Cleopatra and the Egyptian navy set sail to aid the Triumvirate in war. The fleet is destroyed in a storm
  • 42 BCE
      • October 23 – The Triumvirs are victorious in the Battle of Phillipi and gain complete control of Rome
  • 41 BCE
      • Marc Antony summons Cleopatra to Tarsus. They become lovers
      • Marc Antony orders the execution of Arsinoe IV at Cleopatra’s request
      • Marc Antony decides to spend the winter in Alexandria
      • Winter – Fulvia, Marc Antony’s wife, wages the Perusine War against Octavian
  • 40 BCE
      • February – Marc Antony travels to Greece
      • February – The Perusine War ends. Fulvia dies
      • October – Marc Antony marries Octavia to solidify his political alliance with Octavian
      • December 25 – Cleopatra gives birth to twins: Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene
  • 37 BCE
      • Marc Antony and Cleopatra reunite in Antioch
  • 36 BCE
      • Marc Antony attempts to conquer Parthia and fails
      • c. August – Cleopatra gives birth to Ptolemy Philadelphus
  • 34 BCE
      • Marc Antony conquers Armenia
      • Autumn – The Donations of Alexandria take place
      • The propoganda war between Octavian and Antony/Cleopatra begins
  • 32 BCE
      • Autumn – Octavian convinces the Senate to wage war against Antony and Cleopatra
  • 31 BCE
      • September 2 – The Battle of Actium is fought
  • 30 BCE
      • August 1 – Marc Antony commits suicide by falling on his sword
      • August 12 – Cleopatra commits suicide by snakebite
  • 10 BCE
      • Winter – Ptolemy of Mauretania is born to Cleopatra Selene and Juba II
  • 1 CE
      • Ptolemy becomes King of Mauretania
  • 40 CE
      • Ptolemy of Mauretania is executed by Emperor Caligula

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